Have you been diagnosed with prostate cancer recently?
If so, it is important for you to have access to comprehensive, in-depth information about your disease and all the treatment options available. In this section, we will give you an overview of what you or a family member should know, in order to help you feel well-prepared for when you speak with your doctor. Knowing your options may help you approach decisions with peace of mind.
What is Prostate Cancer?
- Trouble in passing urine and emptying the bladder completely
- Sudden urgent need to urinate, especially at night
- Burning sensation or pain while passing urine
- Presence of seminal fluid or blood in the urine
- Continuous pain in the back, hip or pelvic area
- Signs of anemia
- Pain during ejaculation, and a weak or interrupted flow of sperm
- Erectile dysfunction
- Unexplained weight loss¹¹
Classification: Stage & Category
If diagnosed at an early stage, the tumour is mostly limited to the prostate, meaning it grows locally within the prostate. Therefore it’s referred to as localised cancer. In later stages, it can extend outside the prostate, which is referred to as locally advanced cancer. It can spread beyond the prostate by:
- Growing into neighbouring tissues
- Spreading through the lymphatic system (lymph nodes and lymph vessels)
- Traveling to distant tissues through the blood
In order to being able to recommend an appropriate treatment, doctors assign a stage to each patient’s prostate cancer. Staging is based on the extent of the tumour, whether lymph nodes are affected and whether the tumour has already spread to other organs.
Conventional Treatment Options
-Open & laparoscopic Prostatectomy
- Radiation therapy
(Brachytherapy is an outpatient procedure, where a needle is inserted through the perineum and radioactive seeds are implanted into the prostate.¹³)
- Active surveillance/ watchful waiting
Alternative Treatment Options
- High intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) – (Ablation)
- TULSA (Ablation)
¹¹ https://prostatecanceruk.org/prostate-information/about-prostate-cancer/prostate-cancer-symptoms, May 20.
¹² Prostate Cancer UK, https://prostatecanceruk.org, May 29, 2019
¹³ iData Research Report (2016): European Market Report Suite for Urological Devices, pp 163.